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At Queen King Dental we offer exceptional quality preventive, restorative and cosmetic dental care for everyone in your family. Our team has many years of experience in treating everything from routine dental checkups and cleanings, fillings, root canals, to more complex dental procedures such as dental implants.
A healthy smile is not only a wonderful asset. It is also the key to your family’s overall good health.
See all family dentistry services below:
Would you like a more attractive smile? Are your teeth chipped, cracked, broken or misshaped? Discoloured or stained? Are there unsightly spaces between your teeth? If you answered yes to any of the above questions you might be a perfect candidate for porcelain dental veneers. Porcelain veneers are one of the most natural looking options available to improve your smile.
Veneers are very fine porcelain shells that are placed over your natural teeth. Veneers are very resilient and more stain resistant than natural teeth. All our veneers are custom designed for your mouth, and are individually handcrafted to give you a natural and beautiful smile that is unique to you.
Veneers can change your whole smile, including the shape, colour and alignment of your teeth and are designed to cover stains, close gaps and straighten teeth.
Expect your porcelain veneers and a beautiful smile in just two visits.
A crown, often called a cap, is an artificial cover that restores a decayed or damaged tooth to its normal shape and size. It is useful for protecting the structure of a tooth that is cracked or broken. A crown can also be used to change the shape of a tooth, to correct a bite or cosmetic problem, or to replace existing broken or poorly-fitting crowns. A crown may be made of gold and other metals, porcelain, or a combination of the two.
There are many situations that may call for a crown:
- Large old fillings – When large old fillings break down or develop decay, the tooth often needs to be crowned. It is important to crown a tooth that has been structurally weakened to prevent further damage such as cracking or breaking.
- Cracked tooth – When a tooth is cracked, a crown is placed over the tooth to hold it together. If the cracked tooth is left untreated, it can become sensitive or will eventually break. It is important to crown a cracked tooth before it breaks as broken teeth are not always repairable.
- Extensive decay – If a tooth has decay so extensive that the tooth structure is weakened, a crown can often allow the tooth to be saved.
- Broken / Fractured tooth – A tooth that has broken may be too weak to hold a filling. A crown will hold the tooth together and prevent it from breaking again.
- Root Canal Therapy – A tooth that has undergone Root Canal Therapy will need a crown to properly seal and protect the tooth.
- Esthetics – Crowns can help to improve your appearance and smile.
Crowns (also called ‘caps’) may be the answer to your sensitive or broken down teeth.
A fixed bridge can replace one or more missing teeth. It consists of one or more replacement teeth attached to crowns that are placed on two or more surrounding support teeth. Along with replacing teeth, the fixed bridge helps restore the normal function and proper position of your bite. A fixed bridge is made of various metals, porcelain, or a combination of the two.
A missing tooth may allow the surrounding teeth to drift out of position causing long term damage to the remaining teeth and surrounding structures. Missing teeth can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, excessive wear on the remaining teeth and TMJ problems.
Bridges can usually be completed in two visits and can prevent many future problems before they arise.
The dental bonding procedure utilizes a composite resin and is used for a variety of structural as well as cosmetic purposes. One can draw a parallel between dental bonding materials and a sculptor’s clay. We can restore chipped or broken teeth, fill in gaps and reshape or recolour your smile using dental composite resin bonding.
The resin for dental bonding comes in many shades so that we can match it to your natural teeth. Due to the layers involved, dental bonding will take slightly longer than traditional silver fillings because multiple layers of the bonding material are applied.
Teeth whitening (or bleaching) is a simple, non-invasive dental treatment used to change the colour of natural tooth enamel and is an ideal way to enhance the beauty of your smile. Teeth whitening only works on natural tooth enamel.
Whiter teeth are the number one esthetic concern of many patients and can be accomplished in a number of ways. Teeth whitening can be done in our office, or at home using a bleaching method and whitening toothpaste. The most popular method is using a home tooth whitening system that will whiten teeth dramatically.
It is important to evaluate the health of the teeth and any existing restorations before whitening your teeth.
Teeth whitening gives a long-lasting effect, but is not permanent. A touch-up maybe needed every several years, and more often if you smoke, drink coffee, tea, or wine.
When natural teeth are lost or are not able to be saved, quality of life can often be improved and enhanced with the integration of dental implants and implant-retained teeth. Cosmetically pleasing implant supported replacement teeth not only look, but feel and function like natural teeth. Treatment may consist of single-tooth implants, or a series of implants to replace multiple missing teeth, followed by the fabrication of dentures or partial dentures that fit over the implants. There are also options for “fixed” restorations for multiple implants.
We work very closely with each patient’s implant surgeon to determine the best individual treatment options. This interoffice communication is vital to achieve the highest level of function and esthetic appeal, and allows us to deliver beautiful results that endure.
Benefits of dental implants include:
- Maintains jaw bone levels to minimize the appearance of aging.
- Does not require the preparation of neighbouring teeth.
- Allows for effective chewing and speaking.
- Results in a feeling of confidence about your smile.
- Provides numerous esthetic solutions.
- Functions the most like your natural teeth.
Oral surgery encompasses a range of procedures including extractions, removal of cysts and polyps, and biopsies.
Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars that most people get in their late teens or early twenties. Wisdom teeth can present potential problems when they are misaligned or impacted.
The removal, or extraction, of wisdom teeth is generally recommended when:
- The jaw isn’t large enough to allow all the wisdom teeth to fully erupt in an alignment that is useful for chewing and crushing food.
- The teeth have only partially erupted. This can cause an infection which results in pain, swelling, jaw stiffness, and general illness. Partially erupted teeth are also more prone to tooth decay and gum disease because their awkward positioning makes brushing and flossing difficult.
- Poor alignment of wisdom teeth crowds or damages adjacent teeth, the jawbone, or nerves. Wisdom teeth that lean toward the second molars make those teeth more vulnerable to decay by entrapping plaque and debris.
- Cysts (fluid-filled sacs) form or have the potential to form. Cysts destroy surrounding teeth, jawbone, and nerves. If untreated, a tumor could develop from the walls of the cysts, requiring a more complicated surgical procedure for removal.
Periodontics (Gum Disease)
Periodontics is the facet of dentistry which encompasses the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of periodontitis and gingivitis.
Regular hygiene visits are important to prevent gum disease and maintain good oral and overall health! Aside from checking for cavities, maintaining extensive and often expensive dental work, maintaining fresh breath and healthy gums, there are many other compelling reasons to visit our hygienist.
You may have heard the recent reports in the media linking gum disease to stroke, heart attack, diabetes, respiratory disease and premature birth. If you think you are exempt from gum disease and you have no worries, think again. It is often referred to as the silent killer of your teeth because it causes no pain until it reaches its most destructive phases. It can, however, be detected and treated in its early stages by our dental team.
Signs of gum disease include red, swollen or tender gums, bleeding while brushing or flossing, loose teeth and chronic bad breath. While patients are advised to check for the warning signs, there might not be any discomfort until the disease has spread to a point where the teeth cannot be saved. Regular dental exams are imperative to detect gum disease early thereby improving the overall outcome of treatment.
Removing plaque through daily brushing, flossing and professional cleaning is the best way to minimize your risk. Our dentists can design a personalized program of in-office and at-home care to meet your needs.
Endodontics (Root Canal)
Endodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the complex structures found inside the teeth. It relates to the tooth pulp, tissues, nerves and arterioles.
Endodontic treatment (or root canal therapy) is performed to save the natural tooth. In spite of the many advanced restorations available, most dentists agree that there is no substitute for healthy, natural teeth.
These are some of the main causes of tooth damage making root canal therapy necessary:
- Bacterial infections – Oral bacteria is the most common cause of endodontic problems. Bacteria invade the tooth pulp through tiny fissures in the teeth caused by tooth decay or injury. The resulting inflammation and bacterial infection jeopardize the affected tooth and may cause an abscess to form.
- Fractures and Chips – When a large part of the surface or crown of the tooth has become completely detached, root canal therapy may be required. The fracture of the crown portion leaves the pulp exposed, which can be debilitating painful and problematic.
- Cracks – Cracks are hairline fissures that may develop in teeth due to trauma or excessive function. They are often not visible clinically or on an x-ray, but are diagnosed by symptoms of pain to biting, chewing and temperature. If the trauma extends to the nerve, root canal therapy may be required.
- Injuries – Injuries to the teeth can be caused by a direct or indirect blow to the mouth area. Some injuries cause a tooth to become luxated, or dislodged from its socket. Root canal therapy is often needed after the dentist has successfully stabilized the injured tooth.
- Removals – If a tooth has been knocked clean out of the socket, it is important to rinse it and place it back into the socket as quickly as possible. If this is impossible, place the tooth in special dental solution (available at pharmacies) or in milk. These steps will keep the inner mechanisms of the tooth moist and alive while emergency dental treatment is sought. The tooth will be affixed in its socket using a special splint, and the dentist will then perform root canal therapy to save the tooth.
What does an endodontic procedure involve?
Initially, a local anesthetic will be administered, and a dental dam (protective sheet) will be placed to ensure that the surgical area remains free of saliva during the treatment. An opening will be created in the surface of the tooth, and the pulp will be completely removed.
The space will now be shaped, cleaned and filled with gutta-percha. Gutta-percha is a biocompatible material that is somewhat similar to rubber. Cement will be applied on top to ensure that the root canals are completely sealed off. Usually, a temporary filling will be placed to restore functionality to the tooth prior to the permanent restoration procedure.
During the final visit, a permanent restoration or crown will be placed.
A dental restoration is also called a filling. It is the repair of a damaged or decayed tooth that restores it to its normal shape, function and appearance. There are different types of materials used to repair teeth for particular situations.
Why should a damaged tooth be repaired? A tooth should be repaired to prevent further decay or injury to the tooth, to prevent loss of the tooth, to prevent decay from spreading to other teeth, to permit normal eating and chewing, and to improve upon the appearance of your smile.
What are the available dental restorations?
Amalgam fillings are made of two or more metals that are held in place by the shape of the prepared cavity. Although there is ongoing debate about mercury toxicity, scientific evidence supports the safety and efficacy of dental amalgam, and it remains a viable treatment option.
Bonding or composite restorations are made of a tooth coloured resin material. The filling material is fused to the tooth in layers and hardened using a curing light.
Inlay restorations are lab fabricated fillings that are cemented into teeth that have been specially prepared. An initial impression is taken of the prepared cavity and sent to the dental technician who will make the inlay out of tooth coloured porcelain or gold. An onlay restoration is similar to an inlay restoration only it covers and protects the chewing surface of the tooth.
Tooth loss may be caused by traumatic injury, tooth decay or periodontal disease. It is crucial to replace teeth that are missing as failure to do so can result in the shifting of remaining teeth, sagging of facial features, and an inability to chew and bite properly. Dentures can provide a solution to these issues.
There are two types of dentures – complete and partial dentures. Complete dentures are used when all of the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain. A partial denture not only fills in the spaces created by missing teeth, it prevents other teeth from shifting. One of the best features of dentures today, is that they are customized in a way that they provide proper function and comfort while still maintaining a natural appearance, giving you the smile you deserve.
Dentures are very durable appliances and will last many years, but may have to be remade, repaired, or adjusted due to normal wear.
A mouthguard is highly recommended for all adults or children involved in active sports such as hockey, baseball, soccer, football, or martial arts. Studies show that athletes who wear mouthguards have 60% fewer injuries to their teeth.
Athletic mouth guards are custom fitted at our office. It is important that the fit of the mouthguard is comfortable and that it does not interfere with breathing or talking. Commercial mouthguards are less effective and may interfere with speech and/or breathing and often are not sufficiently retentive.
A properly fitted mouthguard must be:
- Tear resistant
- Have excellent retention and fit
- Cause minimal interference with speaking and breathing
Bruxism (teeth grinding) is an involuntary grinding or clenching of your teeth, and usually occurs while you sleep. Grinding your teeth can create a great deal of force on your jaw, which can cause damage to your teeth and jaw joints. Most often the cause of grinding is stress related but can also be caused by the misalignment of your teeth.
Some symptoms of grinding include sore jaw muscles, headaches and neck or ear pain. Upon oral examination, your dentist may see wear on your teeth that indicates you are grinding.
A nightguard can help protect your teeth from the harmful effects of grinding and clenching and prevent further damage. A nightguard is custom made to fit over your upper or lower teeth, preventing the teeth from grinding together and allowing your jaw joints to be positioned in the most relaxed state. Whether you are grinding or clenching, require TMJ therapy, or even have sleep apnea, different types of nightguards can be custom made. Ask our experienced team of dentists for treatment options.
“TMJ” actually stands for temporomandibular joint. TMJ Disorder refers to a family of problems related to your jaw joint and has symptoms of general pain and/or clicking sounds when you open your mouth. Some types of TMJ problems can lead to more serious conditions so early detection and treatment are important.
How do you know when you have TMJ Disorder? The more times you answer “yes” to the following questions, the more likely you are to have it:
- Are you aware of grinding or clenching your teeth?
- Do you wake up with sore, stiff muscles around your jaw?
- Do you have frequent headaches, earaches or neck aches?
- Does stress make your clenching or pain worse?
- Does your jaw click, pop, grate, catch or lock when you open your mouth?
- Have you ever injured your neck, head or jaws?
- Is it difficult or painful to open your mouth to eat?
How is TMJ Disorder treated? There are various treatment options that can be utilized for improving the function and harmony of your jaw. We always tailor treatment to your individual needs.
Onlays & Inlays
Onlays and Inlays are also referred to as indirect fillings. They are fabricated in the dental laboratory. Onlay/inlay treatment provides long lasting dental restorations for teeth with mild to moderate damage. Onlays and inlays are fabricated from either tooth coloured porcelain or gold, providing both functionality and an esthetically restored smile.
Oral Cancer Screening
Early detection of oral cancer offers the best chance of survival. Studies have shown that only half of all patients diagnosed with oral cancer survive more than five years.
Oral cancer often starts as a tiny, unnoticed white or red spot or sore anywhere in the mouth. During oral cancer screening, we examine both the intraoral and extraoral structures. Routine examination by your dental professionals is important for early detection and treatment.
Guided Biofilm Therapy: Our STATE-OF-THE-ART TEETH CLEANING SERVICE
Guided Biofilm Therapy, or GBT, is a vastly superior solution to traditional teeth cleaning methods. GBT saves time during the appointment and is safe and comfortable for you. The cutting-edge technology is less abrasive, reducing the amount of scratches and mineral loss compared to traditional teeth cleaning methods.
A dental emergency involving an injury to the teeth or gums can be potentially serious. Our dental office serves as a Hamilton emergency dental clinic and we work to accommodate you and treat your needs.
Listed below are some common dental emergencies:
- Front Tooth Knocked Out
- Chipped, or Fractured Tooth
- Broken Tooth or Fillings
- Cracked Tooth
- Abscessed Tooth
- Tissue Injury and Facial Pain (e.g. lacerations, puncture wounds…)
- Infected Wisdom Teeth
Is It An Emergency?
|• Are you bleeding from the mouth?||• Do you have any loose teeth?|
|• Are you in severe pain?||• Do you have any chipped, cracked, or fractured teeth?|
|• Have you been hit in the face or mouth?||• Do you have any swelling the mouth or facial area?|
|• Do you have any bulges, swelling, or knots on your gums?|
If you answered yes to any of these questions, you might be having a dental emergency and should call our dentist immediately: (905) 526-9015
It is important to describe to your dentist exactly what has happened and what symptoms you are experiencing.
Comprehensive Dental Care
The Canadian Dental Association (CDA) defines a “comprehensive dental and oral exam” as “an extensive evaluation and the recording of all extraoral, intraoral and soft tissues.”
The CDA recommend that all new patients have a comprehensive dental exam on their first visit, and established patients undergo this exam every 3 years.
Overview of a Comprehensive Dental Exam:
- Extensive medical and dental history
- Periodontal exam (gum and bones supporting the teeth)
- Dental Exam (teeth)
- Head and Neck Cancer Exam (soft tissues of mouth, throat and surrounding structures)
- Occlusal Exam (Bite analysis)
- TMJ Exam (jaw joints)
- Radiographic Exam (x-rays and various scans)
- Esthetic Exam (appearance of teeth and gums related to the face)
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